Thursday, May 2, 2019

Theories of the origin of religion by Durkheim and Freud Essay

Theories of the theme of religion by Durkheim and Freud - Essay ExampleSince faith has always been a subject of grave look up for a large majority of the people belonging to diverse ethno-racial and social backgrounds since ever, the topic maintains great sociological significance in its scope. Religion is rightly stated to be an essential part of the public and mysterious life of the individuals belonging to various cultures and civilisations since the known history of the globe (R Lowe, 1963532-3). It is partly because of mans maturation strong belief in the metaphysical objects and supernatural barons existing in the universe, with which man maintains emotional and hokey association (C Ember & M Ember, 2007393). These supernatural powers are considered to be strongly influencing the destiny of the people by dint of their fudge over the universal phenomena. Not single this that these powers are in a position of providing the adult male with emotional and financial support, but also they serve as the forces that play decisive role in protecting them from all internal setbacks and external threats (A Kroeber, 196382-3). Additionionally, these forces are thought to be having the power to inflict woes and industry upon the humans as well as liberating them from these calamities at the moment when the humans seek their support on finding themselves absolutely vulnerable. (Ember & Ember, 2007395). In other terms, supernatural forces have been thought to be maintaining absolute control over the destiny of humans in all respects. Consequently, primitive man had established his belief in these powers in order to escape pains and sufferings of different kinds, and for obtaining all comforts and joys life offered to him, along with attaining pelf, power and possession that could earn dominant place for him over fellow-humans and other creatures. Almost similar views have been supply by distinguished French sociologist-theorist Emile Durkheim in his Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (1912). Durkheims Perspective speckle discussing the origin of religion, Durkheim seeks supports from the relics of ancient era clans observing distinctive spiritual norms and practices. A religion is, Durkheim asserts, a corporate system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, including set apart and forbidden beliefs and practices which unite into one single clean community called a Church, all those who adhere to them (J Breaux, 20081). The theorist is of the opinion that the nature of bonding among the humans in primitive era was limiteed in the sense that every individual was bound to fulfil the needs attributed to him, his family and clan, without pursuit help from the other groups outside the tribe altogether. As a result, everyone had to get involved into the hunting and food-gathering activities. Hence, the supposition of in-group and out-group used to prevail in such a strong manner that the people did not put under to render any assistance to the members of the external groups (J Macionis, 2008481). It was partially because of the fear of assault and attack from the external tribes, which created disputation among the ancient time clans against one another. Such a state of absolute isolation not only kept the primitive era humans away from the fellow-beings, but also developed his strong family with their specific clans on the one side, and the supernatural powers on the other. Since supernatural powers could turn out to be demonstrative of(predicate) one with regards to the accomplishments of the basic human needs and desires (H Ross,

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